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广西快三走势图表:2020年成人高考英語作文如何復習才能拿高分?

成人高考信息網 發布時間:2020-02-17 15:39:03

广西十一选五走势图1OO www.ebjasd.com.cn          英語作文是2020年成人高考英語考試中難度比較大的題型,尤其是對于一些英語基礎不好的考生來說,考試的時候可能無從下手。那么2020年成人高考英語作文如何復習才能拿高分?英語作文復習之前積累一定的作文基礎還是很有必要的。比如積累一些作文的模板,摘抄一些亮點句子和高分詞匯,每天背2-3句,必須是在自己理解的基礎上背,并且需要學會靈活運用。


       2020年成人高考英語作文如何復習才能拿高分?


    一、研習


  “沒有規矩,不成方圓?!倍雜諞話閿⒂镅罷叨?,寫出優秀的文章有賴于后天習得,但并不意味著機械背誦、生吞活剝,或者照搬照抄、人云亦云。所謂研習,需要有獨立思考和個人的判斷,本著“他山之石,可以攻玉”的精神,汲取文章的精華部分加以研究。研習主要側重兩個方面,包括文章章法和語言表達。文章章法指文章的行文思路、布局謀篇、結構安排、邏輯順序。許多學習者面對一個話題,可能存在兩種不同的困惑,一是下筆千言,但離題萬里;二是思緒萬千,卻無從落筆。導致兩種困惑的根源皆在于欠缺思考問題、組織思路的恰當方式,以至于文章不得要領、章法紊亂。這就要求我們從全篇脈絡角度多研習范文,之后領悟如何以演繹法行文、怎樣用歸納法謀篇以及如何圍繞特定話題拓展思路等等。此外,研習還要側重于語言表達,包括遣詞造句和句子、段落之間的各種銜接手段,以用在自己日后的寫作中派上用場,因為英文寫作皆通一理。只有善于借鑒,勤加研究,才會借他人的優勢和長處,提高自己的寫作水平。


  二、背誦

  

       背誦是提高寫作的又一有效途徑。要學好寫作,首先要處理好語言輸入與輸出之間的關系。前者是后者的前提條件。如果頭腦空空如也,就根本談不上寫出像模像樣的文章。只有讀過大量東西,并且有意識地將其中精彩部分儲存于記憶之中(commit the highlights to memory),才能保證下筆流暢、文通字順。因此,背誦對于寫作極為重要。但背誦不是機械記憶,而是有選擇性的背誦,是有意義的記憶。因為機械背誦的結果要么是記憶很快就蕩然無存、了無痕跡,要么是無法活學活用、付諸實踐。背誦包括五個方面:重點詞匯、常用套語、精彩句子、優秀段落、經典篇章。


  三、重點詞匯


  美妙的用詞及搭配皆在此列,像fall victim(受害),stand a fair chance(大有希望)這種地道的動賓搭配要勤加記憶。為了積累寫作詞匯,應將文中同屬一個話題的用詞匯總歸納,組成主題詞族(topic family)。歸類記憶可以使自己日后即寫即用,得心應手。下文是一篇闡釋愛心的優秀文章,多處用詞精巧,現將文中關于愛心這一主題的詞匯總結如下:


  emotional strength 情感的力量


  the noblest of human emotions 人類最高尚的情感


  no thought of gain 不計得失


  the lamp of love 愛心之燈


  help the victims of natural disasters 支援自然災害受害者


  donate whatever they can 傾囊相助


  help their needy fellow citizens 幫助有需要的同胞


  be ready to give a helping hand 隨時準備伸出援手


  When we use the word “love”,we do not simply mean an attraction to a person of the opposite sex,which is a very narrow definition of the word. Love is emotional strength,which can support us no matter how dark the world around us becomes. In fact,throughout history people of many different cultures have regarded love as the noblest of human emotions.


  As an example of the power of love,we should remember how the Chinese people of all nationalities respond to the call to help the victims of natural disasters every year. Although their incomes are still low by international standards,people all over the country do not hesitate to donate whatever they can ― be it money or goods ― to help their needy fellow citizens. Moreover,they do this with no thought of gain for themselves.


  In my opinion,the best way to show love is to help people who are more unfortunate than we are. We should always be ready to give a helping hand to those who are in trouble,no matter whether they are family members or complete strangers. In this way,we can help to make the world a better place,for the darker the shadows of sorrow become,the more brightly the lamp of love shines.


  當我們用“愛”這個詞時,我們不僅僅指異性對一個人的吸引,這只是對這個詞非常狹隘的解釋。愛心是一種情感的力量,不論我們周圍的世界多么黑暗,愛心都能支撐我們。事實上,縱觀歷史,不同文化背景的人都把愛看成是人類最高尚的情感。


  說到愛心的力量,我們馬上就會想起每年中國各族人民是如何響應號召支援自然災害受害者的。盡管按照國際標準他們的收入還處于低水平,全國人民毫不猶豫地傾囊相助――不管是錢還是物――幫助那些有需要的同胞。而且,他們這么做并不考慮自己的得失。


  我認為,表達愛心的最好方式是幫助比我們更加不幸的人。我們應該隨時準備向有困難的人伸出援助之手,無論他們是家庭成員還是素昧平生。這樣,我們就能夠助一臂之力把世界變成一個更美好的地方,因為,悲傷的陰影越黑暗,愛心之燈的光芒就越閃亮。


  四、常用套語


  套語指流行的公式化語言,在寫作中適當使用頗有必要。如在商業信函結尾,期望對方早日回復的表達方式就要遵循套語的基本模式,使表達規范得體。下面試舉幾個例子:


  Kindly favor us with an early reply. 請早日賜復。


  Your prompt reply will be highly appreciated. 如能及時回復,將不勝感謝。


  We look forward to hearing from you soon. 早日回復。


  We are expecting your prompt reply. 急盼回復。


  Please have the kindness to answer this letter quickly. 請早日回信。


  Kindly let us have your reply at your earliest convenience. 請在您方便時盡早賜函。


  We would appreciate it if you could respond right away. 如能即刻回復,將不勝感謝。


  當前流行應試寫作模板,即套語的使用貫穿文章始終,為考生提供萬能公式型的文章主架,每句表達皆由固定套語框定,考生只要背下套用句型、過渡詞語,在考試中根據特定考題填充具體內容。這種應試策略使寫出的文章矯揉造作,生硬刻板,雖可以讓考生及格過關,但絕對得不到高分。套語的過多使用不妨可以比作大海中的救生圈,有了它,僅僅可以讓不擅游泳者保全性命,卻無法自在暢游,一展泳姿。一般而言,套語較為空洞,如使用過多,文章容易流于空泛,言之無物。寫作宜虛實結合,形式與內容相統一。下例是一篇比較在家學習與入校讀書誰優誰劣的范文,文中巧妙地使用了一些固定句式和過渡詞語,不僅增強了表達效果,而且實現了形式與內容的統一。


  There are two major arguments that can be made for studying at home. First,as advances in the electronic media have brought the whole world of scholarship into the home via the Internet and educational courses on TV,the classroom is no longer the only place for acquiring knowledge. Second,it is widely held that a person studies better in the familiar surroundings of his own home and when he can arrange his own study time.


  But we must not lose sight of the fact that there are advantages to studying in the classroom,too. Being surrounded by people of roughly the same abilities and interests can be a great stimulus to acquiring knowledge,whereas studying in solitude at home is boring for many people. More importantly,there can be no substitute for a good teacher,who must not only be able to impart facts and theories,but also to appraise and encourage his students.


  Given the choice between these two methods of learning,I prefer the classroom. This is because I am the sort of person who finds it difficult to concentrate on study in the midst of household chores,and disturbances from visitors and telephone calls. The classroom environment,I feel,is the only one in which most people feel comfortable applying all their energies to the all-important task of acquiring knowledge.


  關于在家學習,我們可以提出兩個主要論點。


       第一,由于電子媒體方面取得的進步把整個世界的知識通過互聯網和電視上的教育課程帶入了家庭,教室不再是惟一獲取知識的場所。


       第二,人們普遍認為,在自己家里這樣熟悉的環境中,并且能自己安排學習時間,一個人能學得更好。


  但是,我們不能忽視在教室里學習也有好處這一事實。周圍都是能力相近和興趣相投的人可能會對獲取知識形成巨大的刺激,而對很多人來說孤獨一人在家學習會有些枯燥乏味。更重要的是,沒有什么可以替代一個好老師,他不僅能夠傳道授業,而且能夠評估并鼓勵學生。


  如果在兩種學習方法中選擇,我更喜歡在教室里學習,因為我是那種很難在家務瑣事、客人、電話的打擾下集中注意力學習的人。我認為大多數人只有在教室里才能把全部精力放在獲取知識這件十分重要的工作上。


  五、精彩句子


  精彩句子指文章中句式優美、蘊含哲理的句子。精彩句子的背誦有助于寫作時的引用和模仿。如在閱讀美國前總統約翰??夏岬?John F. Kennedy)的就職演說(Inaugural Address)時,可以記住諸如“Ask not what your country can do for you,ask what you can do for your country. ”(不要問國家能為你做什么,而要問你能為國家做什么。)這樣的傳世佳句,當你寫關于愛國(patriotism)主題的作文時,則可以適時引用。現仍以上面談“愛心”的文章為例,其中值得背誦的句子為數不少。摘錄如下:


 ?、貺ove is emotional strength,which can support us no matter how dark the world around us becomes.


  愛心是情感的力量,不論我們周圍的世界多么黑暗,愛心都能支撐我們。


 ?、赑eople all over the country do not hesitate to donate whatever they can ― be it money or goods ― to help their needy fellow citizens.


  全國人民毫不猶豫地傾囊相助――不管是錢還是物――幫助那些有需要的同胞。


 ?、跿he best way to show love is to help people who are more unfortunate than we are.


  表達愛心的最好方式是幫助比我們更加不幸的人。


 ?、躎he darker the shadows of sorrow become,the more brightly the lamp of love shines.


  悲傷的陰影越黑暗,愛心之燈的光芒就越閃亮。


  六、優秀段落


  閱讀時,我們經?;崤齙揭恍┕磕淹畝溫?。這些段落或者表達流暢、文筆優美,或者邏輯縝密、結構嚴謹。根據表達需要,有不同的功能段落,如現象說明段、觀點陳述段、原因列舉段、利弊解釋段、結論歸納段、趨勢預測段、措施建議段等。有些優秀段落可以作為寫作的功能段落加以背誦,對于我們拓展思路、規范行文大有裨益。在背誦過程中,熟練掌握各種功能段落的行文規則,自己在表達時就能駕輕就熟。下面僅舉觀點陳述段和措施建議段各一例。


  觀點陳述段(陳述“民族文化應該成為世界文化”的觀點)


  A culture of one nation may become international,which is beneficial for all mankind. Since China has opened its doors widely to the outside world,many people from different countries want to visit China. They will come to accept and love Chinese culture as a whole. In addition,Chinese culture should be shared generously with foreign people,who show great interest in it. Meanwhile,as more and more foreigners come to China,they bring aspects of their own culture to share with the Chinese people. In this way,people from various nations in the world will be able to acquire a better understanding of each other and live peacefully together.


  一個國家的文化可能成為世界文化,這對全人類都有益。由于中國已經向外界敞開了國門,許多來自不同國家的人都希望來看一看中國。他們會開始接受并喜歡整個中國文化,中國文化應該大大方方地讓感興趣的外國人分享。與此同時,隨著來中國的外國人越來越多,他們也把他們自己的文化帶給了中國人。這樣,世界各國的人們就能夠更好地相互理解、和平相處。


  措施建議段(建議“人口老齡化”的解決措施)


  The rapidity of the population's aging has made it more urgent for the adoption of countermeasures. No doubt, the key is to build a solid economic foundation. Meanwhile,importance should be attached to overall social progress by changing the backward situation in social security,welfare and service. What’s more,family care and community services should also be encouraged.


  人口老齡化的加速使采取應對措施變得更為緊迫。毫無疑問,解決問題的關鍵是建立穩固的經濟基礎。與此同時,應該重視整體的社會進步,改變社會保障、福利和服務的落后局面。除此之外,應該鼓勵家庭照料和社區服務。


  七、經典篇章


  古往今來,英語寶庫中涌現出大批經典佳作,如林肯的《葛底斯堡演說》(The Gettysburg Address),??四傻吶當炊毖菟?Banquet Speech),海倫??盞摹陡胰旃餉鰲?Three Days to See)。這些文章在文字的運用上技法高超,在思想內涵上寓意深刻,讀來字字珠璣,文字優美,啟迪心智,含義雋永(full of exquisite words and truth,satisfying the mind,appealing to the heart)。這樣的文章如不能熟讀成誦,則無法融會貫通。背誦一定數量的經典名篇既有助于提高自己遣詞造句的能力,也有助于加強自己表達思想的深度。下面的一篇短文是英國哲學家羅素(Bertrand Russell)自傳的序言部分,題為What I Have Lived For(我的人生追求),概述了作者一生追求的三種理想,文章在語言和思想兩個方面都堪稱經典,值得背誦。


  What I Have Lived For


  Three passions,simple but overwhelmingly strong,have governed my life:the longing for love,the search for knowledge,and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind. These passions,like great winds,have blown me hither and thither,in a wayward course,over a deep ocean of anguish,reaching to the very verge of despair.


  I have sought love,first,because it brings ecstasy ― ecstasy so great that I would often have sacrificed all the rest of life for a few hours of this joy. I have sought it,next,because it relieves loneliness ― that terrible loneliness in which one shivering consciousness looks over the rim of the world into the cold unfathomable lifeless abyss. I have sought it,finally,because in the union of love I have seen,in a mystic miniature,the prefiguring vision of the heaven that saints and poets have imagined. This is what I sought,and though it might seem too good for human life,this is what ― at last ― I have found.


  With equal passion I have sought knowledge. I have wished to understand the hearts of men. I have wished to know why the stars shine. And I have tried to apprehend the Pythagorean power by which number holds sway above the flux. A little of this,but not much,I have achieved.


  Love and knowledge,so far as they were possible,led upward toward the heavens. But always pity brought me back to earth. Echoes of cries of pain reverberate in my heart. Children in famine,victims tortured by oppressors, helpless old people ― a hated burden to their sons,and the whole world of loneliness,poverty,and pain make a mockery of what human life should be. I long to alleviate the evil,but I can't,and I too suffer.


    成人高考網上指導報名入口(點擊報名)